ERIC Number: EJ942957
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
Implicit and Explicit Memory Performance in Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Aloisi, Bruno A.; McKone, Elinor; Heubeck, Bernd G.
British Journal of Developmental Psychology, v22 n2 p275-292 Jun 2004
The present investigation examined implicit and explicit memory in 20 children diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) and 20 matched controls. Consistent with previous research, children with AD/HD performed more poorly than controls on an explicit test of long-term memory for pictures. New results were that (a) there was no deficit on an implicit memory test for equivalent material and that (b) the observed deficit in explicit memory operated over and above any effects of depression/anxiety. Another finding to emerge was that AD/HD children had greater difficulty than controls in identifying pictures of objects that were presented in an unusual form, either rotated or degraded. Overall, the pattern of results is interpreted in terms of deficient effortful/resource-intensive processes in AD/HD but intact automatic processes.
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Long Term Memory, Memorization, Depression (Psychology), Children, Identification, Control Groups, Tests, Pictorial Stimuli, Anxiety, Cognitive Processes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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