ERIC Number: EJ942956
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
Evidence of More Immanent Justice Responding in Adults than Children: A Challenge to Traditional Developmental Theories
Raman, Lakshmi; Winer, Gerald A.
British Journal of Developmental Psychology, v22 n2 p255-274 Jun 2004
Three studies investigated developmental changes in immanent justice responding by asking participants to respond to vignettes in which a person's bad behaviour was followed by a negative consequence. Study 1 consisted of 152 sixth graders and 128 college students and presented participants with a vignette that examined the notion of bad people deserving to get ill. Study 2 consisted of 185 sixth graders and 154 college students and examined whether children and adults reasoned that that bad behaviour would actually cause the illness. Study 3 consisted of 96 third graders, 115 fifth graders, and 114 college students, and presented participants with vignettes that examined negative behaviours and consequences. Contrary to expectations based on traditional and contemporary developmental theories, all three studies demonstrated more evidence of immanent justice responding among adults than among elementary school children. These results call into question the comprehensiveness of traditional and contemporary developmental theories, and suggest the need to examine cognitive reasoning in adulthood when constructing developmental theories.
Descriptors: Justice, Responses, Age Differences, Individual Development, Adults, Children, Elementary School Students, College Students, Grade 6, Grade 5, Grade 3, Theories
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 3; Grade 5; Grade 6; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
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