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ERIC Number: EJ942931
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
ISSN: ISSN-0256-2928
Fostering Active Processing of Instructional Explanations of Learners with High and Low Prior Knowledge
Acuna, Santiago R.; Garcia Rodicio, Hector; Sanchez, Emilio
European Journal of Psychology of Education, v26 n4 p435-452 Dec 2011
Despite the potential advantages of instructional explanations, evidence indicates that they are usually ineffective. Subsequent work has shown that in order to make instructional explanations effective indeed, one successful strategy is to combine them with indications of the limitations in learners' understanding that they are intended to revise, which makes learners deeply process the explanations. We explored whether this is so for both learners with low and those with high prior domain knowledge. In one experiment, 77 participants with low and high prior knowledge learned about plate tectonics from a multimedia presentation. In addition to the presentation, half the participants received instructional explanations combined with indications, whereas the rest received instructional explanations with no indications. After using the materials, the participants solved retention and transfer tests. Results showed that low prior knowledge learners learned more from explanations including indications of their misunderstandings, whereas high prior knowledge learners profited from instructional explanations either with or without the indications. We discussed theoretical and practical implications.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A