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ERIC Number: EJ942717
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Antiepileptic Drugs with Mood Stabilizing Properties and Their Relation with Psychotropic Drug Use in Institutionalized Epilepsy Patients with Intellectual Disability
Leunissen, C. L. F.; de la Parra, N. M.; Tan, I. Y.; Rentmeester, Th. W.; Vader, C. I.; Veendrick-Meekes, M. J. B. M.; Aldenkamp, A. P.
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v32 n6 p2660-2668 Nov-Dec 2011
A large number of patients with epilepsy and intellectual disability take medication, amongst which antiepileptic and psychotropic drugs, often simultaneously. Certain antiepileptic drugs have mood-stabilizing properties, e.g. carbamazepine, valproic acid and lamotrigine. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the use of these mood-stabilizers is associated with a different use of psychotropic drugs in a population of institutionalized epilepsy patients with intellectual disability. We performed a retrospective, cohort study of adults with intellectual disability and epilepsy at the long-stay department of an epilepsy centre in The Netherlands. 246 residents were included. In patients using lamotrigine we found a statistically significant lower use of antidepressants. We also found significant less prescriptions of anxiolytics in patients using AEDs with mood-stabilizing properties (carbamazepine, valproic acid and lamotrigine). When considering the effect of gender, we found that male patients took significantly more antipsychotics. Most important, we found an inverse relation between the drug load of carbamazepine and/or valproic acid and/or lamotrigine and the use of psychotropic drugs. In a population of institutionalized epilepsy patients with intellectual disability, higher drug loads of mood-stabilizing antiepileptic drugs correspond with less use of psychotropic drugs. (Contains 2 figures and 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands