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ERIC Number: EJ942578
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
School Finance and English Language Learners: A Legislative Perspective
Jimenez-Castellanos, Oscar
Journal of the Association of Mexican American Educators, p12-23 2010
The state of California educates over six million or twelve percent of the nation's student population. Approximately three million are Latino and 1.5 million are classified as English Language Learners (ELLs). English Language Learners are significantly underperforming in math and reading compared to White students in all grade levels. The achievement gap actually continues to increase the longer that students are in school. These trends create major challenges for policy makers and advocates. Most critical is examining the potential causes of the achievement gap. Most scholarly articles related to California school finance and English Language Learners focus on court cases, propositions and/or budget revenue/expenditure analysis. Notably missing from the scholarship is a historical legislative overview to understand entitlement funding earmarked to target ELLs in California. This article focuses primarily on categorical entitlement funds because entitlement resources are more stable since the funding source is guaranteed to renew each fiscal year, and, due to a long history of availability, people know more about these funds. Currently, only two significant entitlement categorical funds designated for ELLs in California exist. They are State Economic Impact Aid (EIA) and Federal Title III funds (formerly Title VII). In addition, other key legislation related to English Language Learners is often cited in the bilingual education literature but without an emphasis on the fiscal impact including AB 2284 (1972), the first legislation that provided funds for bilingual education in California. This article provides (1) an overview of the major legislative actions affecting entitlement funding for California English Language Learners since 1968 and (2) a discussion of the current salient issues to improve education for ELLs related to school finance. The next section outlines germane legislation that has impacted the K-12 school finance for ELLs. (Contains 7 footnotes and 1 table.)
Association of Mexican American Educators. 634 South Spring Street Suite 908, Los Angeles, CA 90014. Tel: 310-251-6306; Fax: 310-538-4976; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bilingual Education Act 1968; Elementary and Secondary Education Act; No Child Left Behind Act 2001