ERIC Number: EJ942435
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
Do Traditional Fathers Always Work More? Gender Ideology, Race, and Parenthood
Glauber, Rebecca; Gozjolko, Kristi L.
Journal of Marriage and Family, v73 n5 p1133-1148 Oct 2011
Research has shown that men who express traditional gender ideologies spend more time in paid work when they become fathers, whereas men who express egalitarian ideologies spend less time in paid work. This study extends previous research by examining racial differences among men. We drew on data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (N = 23,261) and found that fatherhood was associated with an increase in married White men's time spent in paid work. The increase was more than twice as strong for traditional White men than for egalitarian White men. In contrast, both egalitarian and traditional African American men did not work more when they became fathers. These findings suggest that African American men may express gender traditionalism but adopt more egalitarian work-family arrangements. This study also presents evidence of an interaction among race, class, and gender ideology that shapes fathers' time spent in paid work.
Descriptors: Social Class, Race, Ideology, Racial Differences, Family Work Relationship, Whites, Fathers, Males, African Americans, Working Hours, Sex Role, Longitudinal Studies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Youth