ERIC Number: EJ942433
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
Social Exchange and Sexual Behavior in Young Women's Premarital Relationships in Kenya
Luke, Nancy; Goldberg, Rachel E.; Mberu, Blessing U.; Zulu, Eliya M.
Journal of Marriage and Family, v73 n5 p1048-1064 Oct 2011
Transactional sex, or the exchange of money and gifts for sexual activities within nonmarital relationships, has been widely considered a contributing factor to the disproportionate prevalence of HIV/AIDS among young women in sub-Saharan Africa. This study applied social exchange theory to premarital relationships in order to investigate the linkages between a variety of young women's resources--including employment and material transfers from male partners--and sexual behaviors. Data on the first month of premarital relationships (N = 551 relationships) were collected from a random sample of young adult women ages 18-24 in Kisumu, Kenya, using a retrospective life history calendar. Consistent with the hypotheses, results showed that young women's income increases the likelihood of safer sexual activities, including delaying sex and using condoms consistently. Material transfers from the male partner displayed the opposite effect, supporting the view that resources obtained within the relationship decrease young women's negotiating power.
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Females, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Young Adults, Biographies, Foreign Countries, Sexuality, Social Exchange Theory, Employment, Interpersonal Relationship, Income, Safety, Health Behavior, Contraception, Power Structure
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kenya