ERIC Number: EJ942186
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
Simplifying Second-Order Belief Attribution: What Facilitates Children's Performance on Measures of Conceptual Understanding?
Coull, Greig J.; Leekam, Susan R.; Bennett, Mark
Social Development, v15 n2 p260-275 May 2006
This study investigated how 4- to 7-year-old children's second-order belief attribution might be facilitated by either reducing information processing or varying the sequence of task questions. In Experiment 1, compared with Perner and Wimmer's (1985) original second-order false-belief task, a new task with reduced information-processing demands promoted better second-order reasoning. In Experiment 2, half the stories included a second-order ignorance question before a second-order belief question. The ignorance question promoted second-order belief understanding, superseding the improvement induced by lowered processing demands. Together, the findings suggest that second-order belief performance can be facilitated if children focus on the concept of ignorance during the sequence of questioning.
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Development, Attribution Theory, Beliefs, Task Analysis, Young Children, Logical Thinking, Social Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A