ERIC Number: EJ942169
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 74
Effects of Nurturing and Non-Nurturing Caregiving on Child Social Initiatives: An Experimental Investigation of Emotion as a Mediator of Social Behavior
Karrass, Jan; Walden, Tedra A.
Social Development, v14 n4 p685-700 Nov 2005
This study examined the effects of one unfamiliar adult's warm, responsive interactions or cold, aloof, unresponsive interactions on child emotion and subsequent social initiatives to a second adult. Participants were 32 4 1/2- to 5 1/2-year-old preschool children. Nurturing, responsive caregiving and non-nurturing, unresponsive caregiving were experimentally manipulated by experimenter facial and vocal affective expressions, positive versus negative statements to the child, and contingency of responding to the child's behavior. The effect of nurturance was examined on child emotions and social initiatives to another adult. Non-nurturing caregiving produced less expressed happiness and fewer subsequent social initiatives. Furthermore, child emotion was found to mediate partially the relation between nurturing caregiving and social initiatives, with children who experienced interactions with a non-nurturing caregiver expressing less happiness, which led to decreased social initiatives to a second adult.
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Preschool Children, Caregiver Child Relationship, Psychological Patterns, Affective Behavior, Child Behavior, Behavior Patterns, Correlation, Emotional Response
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A