ERIC Number: EJ941970
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
"Would Others Think It Is Okay to Express My Feelings?" Regulation of Anger, Sadness and Physical Pain in Gujarati Children in India
Raval, Vaishali V.; Martini, Tanya S.; Raval, Pratiksha H.
Social Development, v16 n1 p79-105 Feb 2007
Despite the recognition of cultural influences on emotional development, very little is known regarding emotion regulation in children from different cultures. This study examined beliefs regarding social acceptability and regulatory behaviors in 80 children (aged five to six years and eight to nine years) from two urban communities (suburban and old city) in Gujarat, India. The children's explicit reasons and their preferred methods of expression and control were also investigated. The results revealed that the children considered others to be less accepting of their expressions of anger and sadness and, in turn, they reported controlling their anger and sadness more than their physical pain. The remarkable congruence between children's beliefs regarding acceptability and reported behaviors was consistent with the notion that cognitions that focus on evaluations of others are particularly salient in guiding socioemotional behavior in a collectivist culture like India. Within-culture differences were also imperative, indicating that the children in the old city considered others to be less accepting of all of their expressions, and reported controlling these expressions more than the children in the suburban community. These differences are discussed in the context of variations in broader cultural values (i.e., the extent of collectivist orientation and adherence to Hindu ideology) in the two communities.
Descriptors: Pain, Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries, Values, Cultural Influences, Emotional Development, Psychological Patterns, Self Control, Beliefs, Social Behavior, Urban Areas, Children, Schemata (Cognition), Cultural Context, Religious Factors, Ideology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India