ERIC Number: EJ941969
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 76
False Belief and Emotion Understanding in Post-Institutionalized Children
Tarullo, Amanda R.; Bruce, Jacqueline; Gunnar, Megan R.
Social Development, v16 n1 p57-78 Feb 2007
Deficits in social cognition may impair the ability to negotiate social transactions and relationships and contribute to socio emotional difficulties experienced by some post-institutionalized children. We examined false belief and emotion understanding in 40 institutional care-adopted children, 40 foster care-adopted children and 40 birth children. Both groups of adopted children were adopted internationally. Controlling for verbal ability, post-institutionalized children scored lower than birth children on a false belief task. Almost half of the post-institutionalized children performed below chance levels. The foster care group did not differ from either group on false belief understanding. The groups did not differ on emotion understanding after controlling for verbal ability. The results suggest that some post-institutionalized children are delayed in false belief understanding.
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Verbal Ability, Adoption, Foster Care, Institutionalized Persons, Interpersonal Relationship, Beliefs, Emotional Development, Task Analysis, Cognitive Development, Social Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A