ERIC Number: EJ941759
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Observant, Nonaggressive Temperament Predicts Theory-of-Mind Development
Wellman, Henry M.; Lane, Jonathan D.; LaBounty, Jennifer; Olson, Sheryl L.
Developmental Science, v14 n2 p319-326 Mar 2011
Temperament dimensions influence children's approach to and participation in social interactive experiences which reflect and impact children's social understandings. Therefore, temperament differences might substantially impact theory-of-mind development in early childhood. Using longitudinal data, we report that certain early temperament characteristics (at age 3)--lack of aggressiveness, a shy-withdrawn stance to social interaction, and social-perceptual sensitivity--predict children's more advanced theory-of-mind understanding 2 years later. The findings contribute to our understanding of how theory of mind develops in the formative preschool period; they may also inform debates as to the evolutionary origins of theory of mind.
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Personality Traits, Predictor Variables, Child Development, Young Children, Age Differences, Preschool Children, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, Cognitive Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A