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ERIC Number: EJ941681
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-2077-2327
The Effect of Informal and Formal Interaction between Scientists and Children at a Science Camp on Their Images of Scientists
Leblebicioglu, Gulsen; Metin, Duygu; Yardimci, Esra; Cetin, Pinar Seda
Science Education International, v22 n3 p158-174 Sep 2011
A number of studies have already investigated children's stereotypical images of scientists as being male, old, bald, wearing eyeglasses, working in laboratories, and so forth. There have also been some interventions to impose more realistic images of scientists. In this study, a science camp was conducted in Turkey with a team of scientists consisting of elementary science education researchers. They interacted with the children throughout the camp both formally and informally. Twenty-four 6th and 7th grade students participated to the science camp. The science camp was conducted near a forest and big lake, and lasted ten days in July, 2008. The main goal of the science camp program was to introduce the nature of science and scientists. In one session of the science camp, the children's images of scientists were made explicit through analysis and discussion of their drawings of a scientist, and challenged by introducing them to three non-stereotypical scientists. The camp team consisting of scientists worked and stayed with the children throughout the science camp. Thus, they interacted with the children in formal and informal ways. The change in the children's images of scientists was researched by applying the Draw a Scientist Test (DAST) (Chambers, 1983) as pre- and post-test. Additionally, all the children were interviewed about their drawings. The only stereotypical images found in the pre-test were being male and slightly older. However, almost equal numbers of male and female scientists were drawn in the post-test, and most of them were middle aged or young. Other stereotypical images of scientists emerged less in the pre-test and decreased in the post-test. In conclusion, the science camp helped the children to realize the human nature of scientists. (Contains 5 figures and 5 tables.)
International Council of Associations for Science Education. Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Education, Buca, Izmir 35150, Turkey. Tel: +90-532-4267927; Fax: +90-232-4204895; Web site: http://icaseonline.net
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6; Grade 7; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey