ERIC Number: EJ941637
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
Uptake of Free HPV Vaccination among Young Women: A Comparison of Rural versus Urban Rates
Crosby, Richard A.; Casey, Baretta R.; Vanderpool, Robin; Collins, Tom; Moore, Gregory R.
Journal of Rural Health, v27 n4 p380-384 Aut 2011
Purpose: To contrast rates of initial HPV vaccine uptake, offered at no cost, between a rural clinic, a rural community college, and an urban college clinic and to identify rural versus urban differences in uptake of free booster doses. Methods: Young rural women attending rural clinics (n = 246), young women attending a rural community college (n = 251) and young women attending an urban university health clinic (n = 209) were recruited in Kentucky. After completing a brief questionnaire, women received a free voucher for HPV vaccination. Whether women redeemed the voucher for the initial dose of vaccine served as the study outcome variable. Findings: In controlled analyses, the contrast in initial uptake between urban clinic women (reference category) and rural college women was significant (P less than 0.0001). However, the contrast in initial uptake between urban clinic women (reference category) and rural clinic women was not significant (P = 0.42). The model predicting uptake of subsequent doses among those with initial uptake (n = 235) also indicated significant differences as a function of recruitment location, with rural clinic women being about 7 times more likely than urban clinic women (P less than 0.0001) to not return for at least 1 follow-up dose. The contrast between urban clinic women and rural college women was also significant (P = 0.014). Conclusion: Initial uptake of free HPV vaccination among young rural college women may be problematic. Moreover, uptake of subsequent free doses among rural women may be problematic regardless of whether contact is made in a clinic or through college recruitment.
Descriptors: Cancer, Females, Immunization Programs, Clinics, Recruitment, Rural Areas, Community Colleges, Rural Urban Differences, College Students, Student Recruitment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Two Year Colleges
Authoring Institution: N/A