ERIC Number: EJ941605
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Linguistic Labels: Conceptual Markers or Object Features?
Sloutsky, Vladimir M.; Fisher, Anna V.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v111 n1 p65-86 Jan 2012
Linguistic labels affect inductive generalization; however, the mechanism underlying these effects remains unclear. According to one similarity-based model, SINC (similarity, induction, naming, and categorization), early in development labels are features of objects contributing to the overall similarity of compared entities, with early induction being similarity based. If this is the case, then not only identical but also phonologically similar labels may contribute to the overall similarity and thus to induction. These predictions were tested in a series of experiments with 5-year-olds and adults. In Experiments 1-5 participants performed a label extension task, whereas in Experiment 6 they performed a feature induction task. Results indicate that phonological similarity contributes to early induction and support the notion that for young children labels are features of objects. (Contains 3 tables and 6 figures.)
Descriptors: Linguistics, Infants, Logical Thinking, Adults, Children, Experiments, Models, Task Analysis, Child Development, Prediction, Experimental Psychology, Child Psychology, Adult Education, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A