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ERIC Number: EJ941604
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Motor Coordination Dynamics Underlying Graphic Motion in 7- to 11-Year-Old Children
Danna, Jeremy; Enderli, Fabienne; Athenes, Sylvie; Zanone, Pier-Giorgio
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v111 n1 p37-51 Jan 2012
Using concepts and tools of a dynamical system approach in order to understand motor coordination underlying graphomotor skills, the aim of the current study was to establish whether the basic coordination dynamics found in adults is already established in children at elementary school, when handwriting is trained and eventually acquired. In the study, 45 children and 9 adults volunteered to copy two series of 13 ellipsoid shapes. These shapes were generated by manipulating the relative phase between 0 degree and 180 degrees of two orthogonal oscillators in two orientations. Findings showed that although children from an early age onward and adults reproduced straight lines precisely (i.e., 0 degrees and 180 degrees), the former drew ellipsoid shapes in a less eccentric fashion than the latter (i.e., -90 degrees in all children rather than -60 degrees and 120 degrees in adults). This tendency to write in a rounder fashion persists until 11 years of age, suggesting that the coordination dynamics underlying graphomotor skills and tentatively shaping the coordinated activity involved in adult handwriting appears only later, probably due to increasing constraints on speed. (Contains 6 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A