ERIC Number: EJ941113
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
SunSmart? Skin Cancer Knowledge and Preventive Behaviour in a British Population Representative Sample
Miles, A.; Waller, J.; Hiom, S.; Swanston, D.
Health Education Research, v20 n5 p579-585 Oct 2005
The incidence of skin cancer has risen rapidly in the UK over the last 20 years, prompting public health organizations to try and raise awareness of the dangers of sun exposure and the need to practice sun-safe behaviour. This study aimed to assess baseline levels of sun-safe knowledge and behaviour in a British population-representative sample, prior to the launch of Cancer Research UK's "SunSmart" campaign. A face-to-face survey was conducted through the Office for National Statistics as part of their Omnibus survey. In total, 1848 men and women aged 18 and over were interviewed. Knowledge of what to do to reduce skin cancer risk was modest. Two-thirds mentioned avoiding the sun by seeking shade, 50% mentioned covering up and only 43% said to use high factor sunscreen. Practice of sun-safe behaviours was also poor, with only one-third saying they sought shade, covered up or used high factor sunscreen to protect themselves from the sun. Men and those from lower socioeconomic groups were least informed and least likely to report using sun-protective behaviours. Increases in both knowledge and use of appropriate sun-protective behaviours are needed if skin cancer incidence rates are to decrease.
Descriptors: Incidence, Legislators, Public Health, Cancer, Oncology, Prevention, Foreign Countries, Surveys, Interviews, Risk, Knowledge Level, Health Behavior, Socioeconomic Status
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom