ERIC Number: EJ940937
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
Gaming as a Platform for the Development of Innovative Problem-Based Learning Opportunities
Echeverri, J. Felipe; Sadler, Troy D.
Science Educator, v20 n1 p44-48 Spr 2011
The state of education in the United States, particularly in the areas of science, mathematics and technology, has been a consistent source of concern since at least the early 1980s when student performance on the 1986 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) revealed that science proficiency was lower than comparable measures from the 1970's (Alvarado, 1994). For many students, science education continues to be presented primarily through didactic lectures and rote memorization of information. These outdated modes of teaching create un-motivating learning contexts that can significantly impede learner development of deep conceptual understandings (Barab, Sadler, Heiselt, Hickey & Zuiker, 2007). Researchers, teachers and parents are looking for strategies and technologies that create opportunities for students to not just learn the basic principles of science but understand the relationships that govern these principles and their applications. Science is based on inquisitive, collaborative and disciplined investigation in which individuals, and the groups they form, critically analyze the nature of how and why things work. Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is an instructional strategy that supports this perspective on science education. PBL facilitates learner development of collaborative, problem solving skills and promotes scientific reasoning (Barrows, 1996). In this article, we extend the links between science education and PBL to consider computer-based gaming. We examine the use of gaming as a delivery method for PBL opportunities and suggest biotechnology applications as one area of content for game-based PBL. In the final section we introduce Mission Biotech, a game that we have recently developed, as an example of using gaming as a context for PBL.
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Problem Based Learning, National Competency Tests, Biotechnology, Memorization, Educational Opportunities, Science Education, Teaching Methods, Games, Computer Uses in Education, Elementary Secondary Education
National Science Education Leadership Association. P.O. Box 99381, Raleigh, NC 27624-9381. Tel: 919-848-8171; Fax: 919-848-0496; Web site: http://nsela.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=51&Itemid=85
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States