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ERIC Number: EJ940815
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
ISSN: ISSN-0889-7077
Inhalant Use in Florida Youth
Siqueira, Lorena; Crandall, Lee A.
Substance Abuse, v27 n4 p27-35 2006
Purpose: To determine (1) the prevalence of use, (2) risk and protective factors for use of inhalants in Florida youth. Methods: The Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey 2004 is a comprehensive assessment of youth substance abuse attitudes and practices obtained by sampling youth from sixty-five counties. Results: The sample consisted of 60,345 students from 6th to 12th grade; ages 10 to 19+ years (mean 14.5 years plus or minus 4), 53% were female with 59% White, 19% African-American, 16% Hispanic, 5% Native American, 2% Asian and 7% other. Lifetime use was highest among 14 year olds (16.5%), and current use among 13 year olds (16.7%). Females had significantly (p less than 0.000) higher rates than males for lifetime (14.2% vs. 12.7%) and current use (5.1% vs. 4.1%). Native Americans had the highest rates of lifetime use (17%) followed by Whites (15%), mixed/other (15%), Hispanics (14%), Asians (13%), and Blacks (9%). The younger the age of first use of alcohol, cigarettes and marijuana, the higher the lifetime and current prevalence of use of inhalants. Inhalant users were more likely to be depressed, acknowledge deviant behavior and skipping school, have lower grades, have siblings and friends who used illegal substances and parents with a history of antisocial behavior (p less than 0.000). Conclusion: Inhalant use may be a marker for adolescents with a high-risk profile for subsequent illegal drug use. Prevention efforts should be directed to these students at an early age. (Contains 7 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida