ERIC Number: EJ940318
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
Obesity and Hospitalization over the Adult Life Course: Does Duration of Exposure Increase Use?
Schafer, Markus H.; Ferraro, Kenneth F.
Journal of Health and Social Behavior, v48 n4 p434-449 Dec 2007
Consistent with a new genre of research on life-course analyses of health-service use, this study explores the consequences of long-term exposure to a risk factor. Drawing from cumulative-disadvantage theory, the study examines whether obesity, especially chronic obesity, increases hospitalization admission and length of stay. Analyses make use of hospital records abstracted over 20 years from a national survey of adults 41 to 77 years of age at baseline (n = 4,574). Multiple measures of body weight are used to calculate adult obesity duration. Results reveal that obesity increased hospital admissions and length of stay over the 20 years studied. Among persons obese at any time during the study, years of obesity also led to longer stays. The findings highlight the utility of measures of the duration of risk exposure for both life-course studies of health and tests of cumulative-disadvantage theory. (Contains 4 notes and 3 tables.)
Descriptors: Obesity, Hospitals, Risk, Adolescents, Health Services, Disadvantaged, Records (Forms), National Surveys, Body Weight, Adults, Health, Theories, Questionnaires, Body Composition, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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