ERIC Number: EJ940067
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Preadolescents' Categorization of Gender and Ethnicity at the Subgroup Level in Memory
Susskind, Joshua E.
British Journal of Developmental Psychology, v25 n2 p213-225 Jun 2007
The statement matching paradigm was used to examine how 10- to 13-year-olds categorized adults when both ethnicity and gender varied across targets. Forty-seven children watched a PowerPoint presentation of a conversation involving two Black men, two Black women, two White men and two White women. Each slide displayed the speaker's picture, name and the statement made. The children then were asked to determine who made each statement. The pattern of errors in their assignments was examined to assess how they spontaneously categorized the adults. More within-ethnicity within-gender errors (e.g. assigning a statement made by a White woman to the other White woman) were made than any other type of error. This implies that the targets were categorized at the subgroup level. In contrast to findings for adults, the children did not also categorize at the more global level of gender above and beyond the subgroup categorization.
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Classification, Whites, Preadolescents, Gender Differences, Adults, Blacks, Children, Error Patterns, Task Analysis, Memory
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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