ERIC Number: EJ939977
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 68
A Critical Realist Orientation to Learner Needs
Ayers, David F.
Adult Education Quarterly: A Journal of Research and Theory, v61 n4 p341-357 Nov 2011
The objective of this essay is to propose critical realism as a philosophical middle way between two sets of ontological, epistemological, and methodological assumptions regarding learner needs. Key concepts of critical realism, a tradition in the philosophy of science, are introduced and applied toward an analysis of learner needs, resulting in novel ontological and epistemological assertions about learner needs. Retroduction is offered as a methodology for interrogating needs as a function of broad and complex social processes.
Descriptors: Realism, Lifelong Learning, Adult Education, Student Needs, Philosophy, Epistemology, Educational Theories, Social Theories, Social Influences, Power Structure, Physics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A