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ERIC Number: EJ939885
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 13
ISSN: ISSN-0034-5237
Investigating Examiners' Thinking: Using Kelly's Repertory Grid Technique to Explore Cognitive Marking Strategies
Suto, Irenka; Nadas, Rita
Research in Education, v84 n1 p38-53 Nov 2010
Our aim was to deepen understanding of public examinations, exploring how marking task demands influence examiners' cognition and ultimately their marking accuracy. To do this, we identified features of examinations that trigger or demand the use of cognitive marking strategies entailing "reflective" judgements. Kelly's Repertory Grid technique was used with experienced examiners to identify the most influential question features in a past international biology examination for 16 year olds. The examiners generated grids of features on which the examination questions differed. Subsequently they rated each question for each feature, using self-generated five-point scales. The questions' marking accuracies were known only to the researchers. Semi-structured interviews were also conducted. Data analysis revealed five features that are highly likely to activate "reflective" cognitive marking strategies, thereby influencing accuracy. A further five features may contribute less directly. The findings are compared with those for mathematics and physics examinations, enabling contrasts and generalisations to be made. (Contains 1 figure, 3 tables, and 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A