ERIC Number: EJ939720
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: 14
"Brown's" Far Reaching Impact
Chinn, Philip C.
Multicultural Perspectives, v6 n4 p9-11 2004
Although the 1954 "Brown v. Board of Education" U.S. Supreme Court decision changed the face of American education forever, few individuals at that time could have fully realized its far-reaching implications. Certainly, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Legal Director Thurgood Marshall in his arguments was focusing on gaining equitable education rights for African American students. Neither he nor anyone could likely have predicted with any degree of certainty that the decision would also have an eventual direct impact on America's millions of students with disabilities. The litigation and subsequent legislation, which provided equitable educational rights for students with disabilities, followed in the footsteps of the "Brown" decision but took many additional years to gain victories in the courts and in the U.S. Congress. The "Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children (PARC) v. the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania" and "Mills v. Board of Education" cases were not decided in the courts until 17 years after the "Brown" decision. The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 were not passed until 19 and 21 years after "Brown," respectively. The Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 took 26 additional years after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to be passed by the U.S. Congress. Today, although the laws and court decisions clearly prohibit discrimination of both groups, there is still much to be done. Although the U.S. Congress can enact laws, it cannot legislate attitudes. "Brown" provided a giant step toward equity for ethnic minorities, women, and individuals with disability, but there are still battles and hearts to be won.
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Civil Rights Legislation, Court Litigation, Desegregation Litigation, Accessibility (for Disabled), Equal Education, Inclusion, Educational Legislation, Educational Change, Social Justice, Access to Education, Educational History, Educational Development, Desegregation Effects, School Desegregation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990; Brown v Board of Education; Civil Rights Act 1964; Education for All Handicapped Children Act; Rehabilitation Act 1973