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ERIC Number: EJ939691
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISSN: ISSN-1524-8372
Preschoolers Don't Practice What They Preach: Preschoolers' Planning Performances with Manual and Spoken Response Requirements
Byrd, Dana L.; van der Veen, Tanja K.; McNamara, Joseph P. H.; Berg, W. Keith
Journal of Cognition and Development, v5 n4 p427-449 2004
Three-, 4-, and 5-year-olds performed Tower of London problems under spoken, manual, and combined (requiring both spoken and manual) response conditions. Preschoolers' solutions were most goal-focused when required to give only a spoken response, intermediately goal-focused when required to give both response types, and least goal-focused when required to give only a manual response. Preschoolers' depth of search was longer in the spoken response condition. Three-year-olds performed poorly in all conditions. Surprisingly, only the condition requiring a spoken response resulted in significant age differences between 4- and 5-year-olds in solution efficiency. In general, the results support theories of increased inhibitory ability and increased conscious cognitive control as mechanisms critical to executive-functioning development. (Contains 3 figures, 1 table, and 1 footnote.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A