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ERIC Number: EJ939472
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0145-2134
Associations of Childhood Trauma, Trauma in Adulthood and Previous-Year Stress with Psychopathology in Patients with Major Depression and Borderline Personality Disorder
Wingenfeld, Katja; Schaffrath, Camille; Rullkoetter, Nina; Mensebach, Christoph; Schlosser, Nicole; Beblo, Thomas; Driessen, Martin; Meyer, Bjorn
Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, v35 n8 p647-654 Aug 2011
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an important possible outcome of exposure to traumatic events that occur in childhood. However, early traumatic experiences are also an important risk factor for several other mental disorders, such as borderline personality disorder and major depressive disorder. Furthermore, chronic stress, including daily hassles, is known to contribute to the exacerbation and maintenance of these disorders. While most studies that investigate the impact of stress and trauma on psychopathology focus on only one aspect of stress, the aim of this study was to analyze simultaneously whether childhood trauma, trauma in adulthood and current daily hassles are differentially associated with aspects of psychopathology such as depression, borderline symptoms, PTSD and dissociation. Early trauma, especially sexual abuse, was associated with most measured dimensions of psychopathology, whereas traumatic sexual experiences after puberty were associated with depression and PTSD symptoms. Perceived stress (daily hassles) in the previous year was strongly associated with current psychopathology, i.e. dissociation, depressive symptoms, PTSD and borderline symptoms, even when statistically controlling for traumatic experiences. These results document that retrospective reports of past year minor stressors are associated with psychopathology even after statistically controlling for associations between psychopathology and traumatic experiences. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A