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ERIC Number: EJ939362
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
ISSN: ISSN-1360-3116
Inclusion on the Final Frontier: A Model for Including Children with Emotional and Behaviour Disorders (E/BD) in Canada
Heath, Nancy Lee; Petrakos, Harriet; Finn, Cindy A.; Karagiannakis, Anastasia; McLean-Heywood, Diane; Rousseau, Cecile
International Journal of Inclusive Education, v8 n3 p241-259 2004
Despite a general move and support for inclusion of children with exceptionalities in the regular classroom, children with emotional and behavioural difficulties are often excluded. The paper describes an ecosystems model to facilitate the inclusion of children with emotional and behavioural difficulties in use in some schools in Canada. Results of a survey revealed that in general while teachers in this model did not believe the students' behaviours changed, they were confident in having these children in their classrooms. A more detailed study comparing schools with and without this model uncovered a complex pattern of effects. Children in the inclusive "team" model schools were exhibiting more internalizing behaviours and more off-task behaviour relative to children in comparison with non-team schools. However, in contrast, children in team schools had more positive views of themselves and personally reported experiencing less internalizing feelings (sad, withdrawn), and parents had significantly more positive views of their children in team schools. Discussion focuses on the difficulty in evaluating outcomes in the inclusion of children with emotional and behavioural difficulties. (Contains 4 figures.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada