ERIC Number: EJ939262
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
Bourdieu and Science Studies: Toward a Reflexive Sociology
Hess, David J.
Minerva: A Review of Science, Learning and Policy, v49 n3 p333-348 Sep 2011
Two of Bourdieu's fundamental contributions to science studies--the reflexive analysis of the social and human sciences and the concept of an intellectual field--are used to frame a reflexive study of the history and social studies of science and technology as an intellectual field in the United States. The universe of large, Ph.D.-granting graduate programs is studied in two parts. In the first analysis, relations between institutional position and disciplinary type are explored by department. A positive correlation exists between historians of science and institutional position (as higher prestige or capital). In the second analysis, attention to intellectual tastes for research topics is explored at an individual level with respect to departmental position and the individual's discipline and gender. Scholars in non-elite history of science departments have low field interest in democracy, social movements, or public participation; environment or sustainability; and gender, race, or sexuality; whereas those in history of technology programs and non-elite STS programs have a higher field interest in those areas, and historians of technology have a higher interest in class or labor issues. Among social scientists, there is a higher interest among scholars in non-elite programs in environment or sustainability and in democracy, social movements, or public participation.
Descriptors: Science Departments, Correlation, Sciences, Reflection, Educational Sociology, Intellectual Disciplines, Technology, Science History, Doctoral Programs, Scholarship, Research, College Faculty, Social Sciences, Status
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A