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ERIC Number: EJ939214
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9266
Children's Ideas of Animals' Internal Structures
Prokop, Pavol; Prokop, Matej; Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale; Diran, Carla
Journal of Biological Education, v41 n2 p62-67 2007
Children's understanding about animal internal structure can be affected by several factors which are poorly understood by teachers. We conducted a large sample study (n=702) of children aged 6-16 years (Grades 1-9) examining children's responses to animals of various size, species and dimensions (2D and 3D objects), and exploring factors which might affect the development of their knowledge. Each child made a drawing of what they thought was inside a specimen animal. We found that using 2D representations of an animal negatively affected the content of children drawings.The effect of animal size was shown only in children's understanding of skeletons, but not organ systems. The effect of animal species showed clear significant effect of children's ideas on both organ systems and skeleton. Investigation showed that parents' education level, children's experiences with animal-rearing and age significantly affected their scores from organ system. Surprisingly, school books were most frequently cited as sources of children's knowledge rather than their own experience, or information from the INTERNET, encyclopaedias, television or parents. (Contains 7 figures and 6 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Slovakia