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ERIC Number: EJ938773
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 16
ISSN: ISSN-1091-367X
Objectivity, Reliability, and Validity of the Bent-Knee Push-Up for College-Age Women
Wood, Heather M.; Baumgartner, Ted A.
Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, v8 n4 p203-212 2004
The revised push-up test has been found to have good validity but it produces many zero scores for women. Maybe there should be an alternative to the revised push-up test for college-age women. The purpose of this study was to determine the objectivity, reliability, and validity for the bent-knee push-up test (executed on hands and knees) for college-age women and to determine the relationship between the revised push-up test (executed on hands and toes) and bent-knee push-up test scores. College-age women (N = 87) participated in this study. The bent-knee push-up test was administered to all the participants the 1st day. Two raters were used to determine interscorer objectivity for approximately half of the participants. On the 2nd day, half the participants did the bent-knee push-up test again to determine stability reliability of the scores. The other half of the participants were administered the revised push-up test. On the 3rd day of testing, all participants were administered the bench press test using 40% of their body weight to determine the criterion validity for both of the push-up tests. The interscorer objectivity coefficient for the bent-knee push-up scores was 0.997. A stability reliability coefficient of 0.83 was obtained. The correlation between the bent-knee push-up and revised push-up scores was 0.75. The correlation between the bent-knee push-up and bench press scores was 0.67. The correlation between the revised push-up and bench press scores was 0.68. Both tests appear effective, however, the bent-knee test is probably more appropriate with lower strength level college-age women. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A