ERIC Number: EJ938677
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Trends in Psychopathology across the Adolescent Years: What Changes When Children become Adolescents, and When Adolescents become Adults?
Costello, E. Jane; Copeland, William; Angold, Adrian
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v52 n10 p1015-1025 Oct 2011
Background: Little is known about changes in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders between childhood and adolescence, and adolescence and adulthood. Methods: We reviewed papers reporting prevalence rates of psychiatric disorders separately for childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood. Both longitudinal and cross-sectional papers published in the past 15 years were included. Results: About one adolescent in five has a psychiatric disorder. From childhood to adolescence there is an increase in rates of depression, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and substance use disorders (SUD), and a decrease in separation anxiety disorder (SAD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). From adolescence to early adulthood there is a further increase in panic disorder, agoraphobia, and SUD, and a further decrease in SAD and ADHD. Other phobias and disruptive behavior disorders also fall. Conclusions: Further study of changes in rates of disorder across developmental stages could inform etiological research and guide interventions.
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Anxiety Disorders, Incidence, Behavior Disorders, Psychopathology, Adolescents, Developmental Stages, Depression (Psychology), Separation Anxiety, Trend Analysis, Case Studies, Longitudinal Studies, Substance Abuse, Intervention, Adolescent Development, Children, Adults
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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