ERIC Number: EJ938656
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Development of Distrust
Vanderbilt, Kimberly E.; Liu, David; Heyman, Gail D.
Child Development, v82 n5 p1372-1380 Sep-Oct 2011
Preschool-age children's reasoning about the reliability of deceptive sources was investigated. Ninety 3- to 5-year-olds watched several trials in which an informant gave advice about the location of a hidden sticker. Informants were either "helpers" who were happy to give correct advice, or "trickers" who were happy to give incorrect advice. Three-year-olds tended to accept all advice from both helpers and trickers. Four-year-olds were more skeptical but showed no preference for advice from helpers over trickers, even though they differentiated between helpers and trickers on metacognitive measures. Five-year-olds systematically preferred advice from helpers. Selective trust was associated with children's ability to make mental state inferences.
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Inferences, Metacognition, Deception, Trust (Psychology), Correlation, Cognitive Ability, Measures (Individuals)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A