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ERIC Number: EJ938259
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Nov
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0736-8038
Parent Advocacy: Two Approaches to Change, One Goal
O'Hanlon, Elizabeth; Griffin, Amy Tetteh
Zero to Three (J), v25 n2 p27-31 Nov 2004
The authors describe "top-down" and "bottom-up" models of leadership in the world of advocacy; they became parent advocates after learning that their children had special needs. They argue that change in our communities--and, eventually, in our world--demands that "all" advocates for children with disabilities work together. The authors describe their own personal and life-changing journeys as parents of children with disabilities and how they became professionals and advocates in the early childhood field who practice different approaches to advocacy. They argue that "top-down" national advocacy and "bottom-up" family advocacy proponents must meet in the middle because both approaches can help achieve personal, professional, and family goals. They offer support, training, and understanding to both parents and professionals, whether they choose to work at the national, state, local, or individual level.
Zero to Three. 2000 M Street NW Suite 200, Washington, DC 20036-3307. Tel: 800-899-4301; Fax: 703-661-1501; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A