ERIC Number: EJ938258
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Are Anti-Smoking Parenting Practices Related to Adolescent Smoking Cognitions and Behavior?
Huver, Rose M. E.; Engels, Rutger C. M. E.; de Vries, Hein
Health Education Research, v21 n1 p66-77 Feb 2006
The aim of this study was to explain the effects of anti-smoking parenting practices on adolescent smoking cognitions and behavior by showing the mediating effects of cognitions. Data were gathered among Dutch high school students in the control condition of the European Smoking prevention Framework Approach (ESFA). Anti-smoking parenting practices were measured by parental reactions to smoking, house rules, and frequency and content of communication about smoking. Attitudes, perceived social influences and self-efficacy made up for smoking cognitions. Additionally, intention to smoke was measured. Relations between practices and cognitions were mostly significant. While some practices were associated with less smoking (communication about health risks of smoking, health risks of breathing in smoke, addictive qualities of smoking and attention for smoking in school), others were related to increased chances of smoking (rewards for not smoking, frequency of communication about smoking, communication about being allowed to smoke, price of cigarettes and friends smoking). The effects of parenting hardly varied by parental smoking status or adolescent gender. Several practices operated through cognitions, which was more pronounced in older adolescents. Counter-productive effects of practices and the few effects in the longitudinal analyses indicate that the order in which parents and adolescents influence each other should be examined more closely.
Descriptors: Smoking, Self Efficacy, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Risk, Adolescents, Social Influences, Health Promotion, Parent Influence, Foreign Countries, High School Students, Parent Attitudes, Family Environment, Parent Child Relationship, Interpersonal Communication, Intention, Correlation, Rewards, Gender Differences, Cognitive Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands