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ERIC Number: EJ938227
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-May
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0736-8038
Contact and Connection: A Cross-Cultural Look at Parenting Styles in Bali and the United States
Kestenberg-Amighi, Janet
Zero to Three (J), v24 n5 p32-39 May 2004
This article argues that a culturally approved style of nonverbal parent-infant interaction influences the unfolding parent-child relationship and the child's social development. The author, an anthropologist, compares parenting styles in the "low-contact" culture of the United States with parenting in the "high-contact" culture of Bali. The author discusses how the high-contact (e.g., physical) parenting style of the Balinese culture supports the developing parent-infant relationship and examines the debates in the United States between advocates of high-contact and low-contact parenting. Attachment behaviors in babies--such as rooting, tonic neck reflex, crying, smiling, and staring--are natural, say some researchers and practitioners. Those in favor of high-contact "Attachment Parenting" say that this approach helps parents find their way without following parenting rules or formulas and helps children learn, both verbally and kinesthetically.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia; United States