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ERIC Number: EJ938205
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0268-1153
The European Smoking Prevention Framework Approach (ESFA): Effects after 24 and 30 Months
de Vries, Hein; Dijk, Froukje; Wetzels, Joyce; Mudde, Aart; Kremers, Stef; Ariza, Carles; Vitoria, Paulo Duarte; Fielder, Anne; Holm, Klavs; Janssen, Karin; Lehtovuori, Riku; Candel, Math
Health Education Research, v21 n1 p116-132 Feb 2006
The European Smoking Prevention Framework Approach (ESFA) study in six countries tested the effects of a comprehensive smoking prevention approach after 24 (T3; N = 10751) and 30 months (T4; N = 9282). The programme targeted four levels, i.e. adolescents in schools, school policies, parents and the community. In Portugal, 12.4% of the T1 non-smokers in the control group had started smoking at T4 compared to 7.9% of the experimental group. Smoking onset in the experimental group was thus 36% lower. In Finland, 32.4% of the T1 non-smokers started smoking compared to 27.6% of the experimental group, implying a 15% lower onset in the experimental group. In Spain, 33.0% of the T1 non-smokers in the control group had started smoking, compared to 29.1% of the experimental group, implying a 12% lower onset. In The Netherlands, the ESFA programme was effective for non-native adolescents with 11.4% new weekly smokers compared to 19.9% in the control group. An opposite effect was found in native Dutch adolescents with 19.0% new weekly smokers in the comparison group compared to 24.0% new smokers in the experimental group. Future programmes should use more standardized ways to assess process evaluations and should assess which elements are responsible for behavioral effects.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland; Netherlands; Portugal; Spain