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ERIC Number: EJ938188
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0736-8038
Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health: A Comprehensive Developmental Approach to Assessment and Intervention
Greenspan, Stanley I.; Wieder, Serena
Zero to Three (J), v24 n1 p6-13 Sep 2003
This article describes how the "developmental structuralist" theory of emotional development has evolved over 25 years into the developmental-individual difference-relationship (DIR[R]) approach to assessment and intervention. ZERO TO THREE and the Interdisciplinary Council for Developmental and Learning Disorders (ICDL) trace their roots to the Clinical Infant Development Program of the National Institute of Mental Health. In the Developmental, Individual-Difference, Relationship-Based (DIR[R]) model, "D" stands for functional, emotional developmental capacities; "I" refers to individual differences, and "R" describes the child's relationships with caregivers and culture. The DIR model of intervention (sometimes referred to as Floortime[TM]) includes direct work with the child, work with parents and caregivers, and work with caregiver and family patterns.
Zero to Three. 2000 M Street NW Suite 200, Washington, DC 20036-3307. Tel: 800-899-4301; Fax: 703-661-1501; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A