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ERIC Number: EJ938131
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
ISSN: ISSN-0303-8300
Time Poverty Thresholds and Rates for the US Population
Kalenkoski, Charlene M.; Hamrick, Karen S.; Andrews, Margaret
Social Indicators Research, v104 n1 p129-155 Oct 2011
Time constraints, like money constraints, affect Americans' well-being. This paper defines what it means to be time poor based on the concepts of necessary and committed time and presents time poverty thresholds and rates for the US population and certain subgroups. Multivariate regression techniques are used to identify the key variables associated with discretionary time and time poverty. The data confirm the idea that individuals in households with children have less discretionary time and are thus more likely to be time poor than those in households without children. Controlling for other household characteristics, an additional child reduces a household adult's daily discretionary time by 35 min. Surprisingly, while one might expect the necessary and committed activities required of an individual to be less in a two-adult household with children than in a one-adult household with children because child care can be shared, the data show that the presence of such a second adult only marginally reduces the necessary and committed time burden of an individual household member. Perhaps even more surprisingly, household income is not a statistically significant correlate of discretionary time or time poverty.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A