ERIC Number: EJ937812
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
How Does Similarity-Based Interference Affect the Choice of Referring Expression?
Fukumura, Kumiko; van Gompel, Roger P. G.; Harley, Trevor; Pickering, Martin J.
Journal of Memory and Language, v65 n3 p331-344 Oct 2011
We tested a cue-based retrieval model that predicts how similarity between discourse entities influences the speaker's choice of referring expressions. In Experiment 1, speakers produced fewer pronouns (relative to repeated noun phrases) when the competitor was in the same situation as the referent (both on a horse) rather than in a different situation (only the referent on a horse). The situational congruence had a larger impact when it was relevant to the to-be-described action (getting off a horse) than otherwise (taking off a hat), suggesting that the effect of similarity is modulated by its relevance to other conceptual representations held by the speaker. Experiment 2 found an effect of the competitor's similarity regardless of whether pronouns were ambiguous or not, suggesting that the effect is independent of ambiguity avoidance and results from speaker-internal production constraints. (Contains 6 figures.)
Descriptors: Nouns, Grammar, Figurative Language, Models, Interference (Language), Experiments, Form Classes (Languages)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A