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ERIC Number: EJ937808
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Scalar Reference, Contrast and Discourse: Separating Effects of Linguistic Discourse from Availability of the Referent
Wolter, Lynsey; Gorman, Kristen Skovbroten; Tanenhaus, Michael K.
Journal of Memory and Language, v65 n3 p299-317 Oct 2011
Listeners expect that a definite noun phrase with a pre-nominal scalar adjective (e.g., "the big"...) will refer to an entity that is part of a set of objects contrasting on the scalar dimension, e.g., size (Sedivy, Tanenhaus, Chambers, & Carlson, 1999). Two visual world experiments demonstrate that uttering a referring expression with a scalar adjective makes all members of the relevant contrast set more salient in the discourse model, facilitating subsequent reference to other members of that contrast set. Moreover, this discourse effect is caused primarily by linguistic mention of a scalar adjective and not by the listener's prior visual or perceptual experience. These experiments demonstrate that language processing is sensitive to which information was introduced by linguistic mention, and that the visual world paradigm can be use to tease apart the separate contributions of visual and linguistic information to reference resolution. (Contains 2 tables and 13 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A