ERIC Number: EJ937622
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Effects of First and Second Language on Segmentation of Non-Native Speech
Hanulikova, Adriana; Mitterer, Holger; McQueen, James M.
Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v14 n4 p506-521 Oct 2011
Do Slovak-German bilinguals apply native Slovak phonological and lexical knowledge when segmenting German speech? When Slovaks listen to their native language, segmentation is impaired when fixed-stress cues are absent (Hanulikova, McQueen & Mitterer, 2010), and, following the Possible-Word Constraint (PWC; Norris, McQueen, Cutler & Butterfield, 1997), lexical candidates are disfavored if segmentation leads to vowelless residues, unless those residues are existing Slovak words. In the present study, fixed-stress cues on German target words were again absent. Nevertheless, in support of the PWC, both German and Slovak listeners recognized German words (e.g., "Rose" "rose") faster in syllable contexts ("suckrose") than in single-consonant contexts ("krose," "trose"). But only the Slovak listeners recognized, for example, "Rose" faster in "krose" than in "trose" ("k" is a Slovak word, "t" is not). It appears that non-native listeners can suppress native stress segmentation procedures, but that they suffer from prevailing interference from native lexical knowledge.
Descriptors: Cues, Interference (Language), Slavic Languages, German, Bilingualism, Phonology, Native Language, Second Language Learning, Listening Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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