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ERIC Number: EJ937601
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1030-0112
Why Do More Boys than Girls Have a Reading Disability? A Review of the Evidence
Limbrick, Lisa; Wheldall, Kevin; Madelaine, Alison
Australasian Journal of Special Education, v35 n1 p1-24 Jul 2011
A number of explanations have been proposed in recent years to account for the observed preponderance of boys with a reading disability. The most notable explanations offered for gender differences in reading disability relate to differences in phonemic awareness, auditory processing, behaviour, neurology, variability in cognitive ability and reading motivation. The purpose of this article was to review the available evidence supporting each of these explanations. The impact of confounding variables, including sample selection, sample bias, intelligence, and socioeconomic status was also discussed. Although the different explanations have, to some degree, an impact on overall reading achievement, it does not appear that any single explanation wholly accounts for gender differences in reading ability, and that gender is not a strong or consistent predictor of reading success.
Australian Academic Press. 32 Jeays Street, Bowen Hills, Queensland 4500, Australia. Tel: +61-7-3257-1176; Fax: +61-7-3253-5908; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A