ERIC Number: EJ937594
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Acquisition of Compound Words in Chinese-English Bilingual Children: Decomposition and Cross-Language Activation
Cheng, Chenxi; Wang, Min; Perfetti, Charles A.
Applied Psycholinguistics, v32 n3 p583-600 2011
This study investigated compound processing and cross-language activation in a group of Chinese-English bilingual children, and they were divided into four groups based on the language proficiency levels in their two languages. A lexical decision task was designed using compound words in both languages. The compound words in one language contained two free constituent morphemes that mapped onto the desired translations in the other language, such as "tooth brush". Two types of compound words were included: transparent (e.g., "toothbrush") and opaque (e.g., "deadline") words. Results showed that children were more accurate in judging semantically transparent compounds in English. The lexicality of translated compounds in Chinese affected lexical judgment accuracy on English compounds, independent of semantic transparency and language proficiency. Implications for compound processing and bilingual lexicon models are discussed.
Descriptors: Semantics, Morphemes, Language Proficiency, Bilingualism, Chinese, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language Processing, Transfer of Training, Task Analysis, Translation, Vocabulary
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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