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ERIC Number: EJ937286
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-0143-0343
Coping with Natural Disasters in Yogyakarta, Indonesia: The Psychological State of Elementary School Children as Assessed by Their Teachers
Widyatmoko, C. Siswa; Tan, Edwin T.; Seyle, D. Conor; Mayawati, E. Haksi; Silver, Roxane Cohen
School Psychology International, v32 n5 p484-497 Oct 2011
The nation of Indonesia is in an area of geological instability, resulting in repeated and severe natural disasters. As a result, Indonesian residents are likely to be exposed repeatedly to significant traumatic events. Researchers and clinicians working in such areas face the challenge of assessing large groups of people exposed to trauma and identifying culturally-specific as well as culturally-invariant symptoms of distress. The current study addressed these issues by using teachers as a point of contact for working with affected children. Elementary school teachers from 16 schools affected by a major earthquake in Central Java, Indonesia in 2006 reported on the continuing symptoms exhibited by their students approximately two years later. Teachers identified--in their own words--behavioral problems that children had developed following the earthquake. On average, 4.5% (SD = 5.0%) of children were identified as exhibiting problematic behavior two years after the earthquake (individual school rates ranged from 0.5% to 17.12%), with negative school-based behaviors (e.g. lack of academic motivation) reported as the most common symptom. Other symptoms were consistent with Western-identified posttraumatic stress, and two culturally-specific symptoms were identified. Teachers can serve as an effective first-line resource for assessing the psychological state of children exposed to natural disasters. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia