ERIC Number: EJ937243
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 82
Attention Network Performance and Psychopathic Symptoms in Early Adolescence: An ERP Study
Racer, Kristina Hiatt; Gilbert, Tara Torassa; Luu, Phan; Felver-Gant, Joshua; Abdullaev, Yalchin; Dishion, Thomas J.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v39 n7 p1001-1012 Oct 2011
Reaction time (RT) and event-related potential (ERP) measures were used to examine the relationships between psychopathic symptoms and three major attention networks (alerting, orienting, and executive attention) among a community sample of youth. Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD; Frick and Hare 2001) total and subscale scores were negatively correlated with ERP measures of attentional alerting, indicating that youth with psychopathic symptoms had difficulty using warning cues to prepare for upcoming targets. APSD total scores were not related to performance on measures of orienting or executive attention, although weaker executive attention was found among youth with higher scores on the Impulsivity subscale. These findings support attention-based models of psychopathy and provide evidence of specific deficits in attentional alerting among youth with psychopathic traits. Deficiencies in attentional alerting may be related to noradrenergic functioning and may have cascading effects on higher order cognitive and affective processing.
Descriptors: Evidence, Cues, Reaction Time, Early Adolescents, Psychopathology, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Attention, Cognitive Processes, Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Measures (Individuals), Scores, Conceptual Tempo, Models, Correlation
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A