ERIC Number: EJ937224
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Modality on the Neural Correlates of Encoding Processes Supporting Recollection and Familiarity
Gottlieb, Lauren J.; Rugg, Michael D.
Learning & Memory, v18 n9 p565-573 Sep 2011
Prior research has demonstrated that the neural correlates of successful encoding ("subsequent memory effects") partially overlap with neural regions selectively engaged by the on-line demands of the study task. The primary goal of the present experiment was to determine whether this overlap is associated solely with encoding processes supporting later recollection, or whether overlapping subsequent memory and study condition effects are also evident when later memory is familiarity-based. Subjects (N = 17) underwent fMRI scanning while studying a series of visually and auditorily presented words. Memory for the words was subsequently tested with a modified Remember/Know procedure. Auditorily selective subsequent familiarity effects were evident in bilateral temporal regions that also responded preferentially to auditory items. Although other interpretations are possible, these findings suggest that overlap between study condition-selective subsequent memory effects and regions selectively sensitive to study demands is not uniquely associated with later recollection. In addition, modality-independent subsequent memory effects were identified in several cortical regions. In every case, the effects were greatest for later recollected items, and smaller for items later recognized on the basis of familiarity. The implications of this quantitative dissociation for dual-process models of recognition memory are discussed.
Descriptors: Familiarity, Recognition (Psychology), Neurological Organization, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Recall (Psychology), Memory, Diagnostic Tests, Visual Stimuli, Auditory Stimuli
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. 500 Sunnyside Boulevard, Woodbury, NY 11797-2924. Tel: 800-843-4388; Tel: 516-367-8800; Fax: 516-422-4097; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.learnmem.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A