ERIC Number: EJ937112
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
Parent and Adolescent Responses to Poverty Related Stress: Tests of Mediated and Moderated Coping Models
Wadsworth, Martha E.; Raviv, Tali; Compas, Bruce E.; Connor-Smith, Jennifer K.
Journal of Child and Family Studies, v14 n2 p283-298 Jun 2005
We tested several models of the associations among economic strain, life stress, coping, involuntary stress responses, and psychological symptoms in a sample of 57 parent-adolescent dyads from rural, lower-income families. Economic strain and life stress predicted symptoms for both parents and adolescents. Stressor-symptom specificity was found for parents, such that economic strain uniquely predicted depression, whereas negative life events predicted hostility. Involuntary stress responses were associated with higher levels of symptoms for both parents and the adolescent children. Secondary control coping was associated with fewer symptoms for both parents and adolescents. Results support a mediational role of coping and responses to stress during adolescence, with a shift to moderational status in adulthood. Implications of these results are discussed with regard to developmental coping theory and potential interventions with at-risk families.
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Income, Adolescents, Coping, Depression (Psychology), Parents, Stress Management, Intervention, Risk, Family (Sociological Unit), Financial Problems, Models
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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