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ERIC Number: EJ937027
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISSN: ISSN-1093-023X
Linear Text vs. Non-Linear Hypertext in Handheld Computers: Effects on Declarative and Structural Knowledge, and Learner Motivation
Son, Chanhee; Park, Sanghoon; Kim, Minjeong
Journal of Interactive Learning Research, v22 n2 p241-257 2011
This study compared linear text-based and non-linear hypertext-based instruction in a handheld computer regarding effects on two different levels of knowledge (declarative and structural knowledge) and learner motivation. Forty four participants were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions: linear text, hierarchical hypertext, and star-shaped hypertext. Each participant studied an instructional material with exactly the same content across the conditions, but differently structured depending on the condition. The results show that linear text group outperformed star-shaped hypertext group in declarative knowledge construction. For structural knowledge construction and learner motivation, there are no significant mean differences among three conditions. It is implied that linear text can be more effective in declarative knowledge construction than non-linear hypertext in handheld-based learning environments. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education. P.O. Box 1545, Chesapeake, VA 23327-1545. Tel: 757-366-5606; Fax: 703-997-8760; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States