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ERIC Number: EJ937020
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1076-9242
Eliciting Dyslexic Symptoms in Proficient Readers by Simulating Deficits in Grapheme-to-Phoneme Conversion and Visuo-Magnocellular Processing
Tholen, Nicole; Weidner, Ralph; Grande, Marion; Amunts, Katrin; Heim, Stefan
Dyslexia, v17 n3 p268-281 Aug 2011
Among the cognitive causes of dyslexia, phonological and magnocellular deficits have attracted a substantial amount of research. Their role and their exact impact on reading ability are still a matter of debate, partly also because large samples of dyslexics are hard to recruit. Here, we report a new technique to simulate dyslexic symptoms in normal readers in two ways. Although difficulties in grapheme-to-phoneme conversion were elicited by manipulating the identifiability of written letters, visual-magnocellular processing deficits were generated by presenting letters moving dynamically on the screen. Both factors were embedded into a lexical word-pseudoword decision task with proficient German readers. Although both experimental variations systematically increased lexical decision times, they did not interact. Subjects successfully performed word-pseudoword distinctions at all levels of simulation, with consistently longer reaction times for pseudowords than for words. Interestingly, detecting a pseudoword was more difficult in the grapheme-to-phoneme conversion simulation as indicated by a significant interaction of word type and letter shape. These behavioural effects are consistent with those observed in "real" dyslexics in the literature. The paradigm is thus a potential means of generating novel hypotheses about dyslexia, which can easily be tested with normal readers before screening and recruiting real dyslexics. (Contains 4 figures and 2 tables.)
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail: subinfo@wiley.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-DYS.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany