ERIC Number: EJ936921
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 10
Pharmacological Cognitive Enhancers: Comment on Smith and Farah (2011)
Elliott, Glen R.; Elliott, Mark D.
Psychological Bulletin, v137 n5 p749-750 Sep 2011
Smith and Farah (2011) provided a thought-provoking and perhaps deliberately provocative literature review of the use of stimulants to improve cognitive functioning in humans. They addressed the apparently increasing willingness of individuals mostly in the United States to use stimulants for this purpose and then summarized published literature that explores whether stimulants actually improve specific aspects of neurocognitive function. Although calling for more research, they tentatively concluded that stimulants indeed may be "smart pills" for some people under certain circumstances. This comment emphasizes that they never actually defined the desired qualities of a smart pill, seemed to accept the unproven axiom that slight improvements in specific tests constitute meaningful enhancement of intelligence, and failed to consider the possible costs to individuals and to society of promoting the use of this class of medications for such a purpose.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A